Singapore is renowned for its efficient and well-planned transportation system, and a significant part of this system is the Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) scheme. For many car owners, understanding ERP rates and how to minimize costs is essential to managing their monthly budget. This guide by Drive lah, your favorite car rental in Singapore aims to provide detailed insights into ERP rates, how they function, and strategies to maximize your savings.

​What is ERP?

The Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) system is a toll collection scheme introduced to manage traffic congestion in Singapore. Implemented in 1998, the ERP uses a network of gantries placed at key locations across the city, such as expressways and major arterial roads. When a vehicle passes under a gantry during operational hours, a fee is automatically deducted from the in-vehicle unit (IU).

How are ERP Rates Determined?

ERP rates vary depending on several factors:

- Time of day: Peak hours incur higher charges to discourage road use during these periods.

- Location: Charges differ depending on the specific gantry and its associated traffic flow.

- Vehicle type: Different rates apply to different vehicle categories, including motorcycles, cars, and heavy vehicles.

Current ERP Rates (as of 2024)

Gantry Location

Time Period

Car Rate (S$)

Motorcycle Rate (S$)
Heavy Vehicle Rate (S$)
CTE (Southbound)
7:30 AM - 9:00 AM
2.00 - 3.00
0.50 - 1.00
3.00 - 4.50
PIE (Eastbound)
8:00 AM - 9:30 AM
1.50 - 2.50
0.50 - 0.80
2.50 - 4.00
AYE (Westbound)
5:30 PM - 7:00 PM
1.00 - 2.00
0.30 - 0.50
1.50 - 3.00
Orchard Road
11:00 AM - 6:00 PM
0.50 - 2.00
0.20 - 0.50
1.00 - 2.50
CBD Area
8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
1.00 - 3.00
0.50 - 1.00
2.00 - 4.50

(Note: These rates are indicative and subject to periodic adjustments by the Land Transport Authority (LTA)).

Strategies to Maximize Savings on ERP

1. Travel During Off-Peak Hours:

 Scheduling your trips during off-peak periods can significantly reduce your ERP expenses. Off-peak rates are considerably lower, and in some cases, there may be no charges at all.

2. Plan Your Routes:

 Avoiding ERP gantries during peak hours is one of the most effective ways to save money. Use navigation apps that provide real-time traffic updates and suggest alternative routes to bypass ERP charges.

3. Monitor ERP Rate Changes:

 Stay updated with the latest ERP rate adjustments announced by the LTA. These changes usually reflect current traffic conditions and can help you plan your journeys better.

4. Utilize Public Transport:

 For short trips or when traveling into high ERP zones, consider using public transport. Singapore's public transport system is efficient, reliable, and can be a cost-effective alternative to driving.

Case Study: Monthly ERP Savings

Let’s take an example of a typical daily commute for a car owner named Alex who travels from Tampines to the Central Business District (CBD) and back.

Morning Route (ERP)
Evening Route (ERP)
Total Daily ERP Cost (S$)

Monthly Calculation:

- Total Weekly ERP Cost: 5 days * 4.50 S$ = 22.50 S$

- Monthly ERP Cost (4 weeks): 4 * 22.50 S$ = 90.00 S$

By planning his routes and traveling during off-peak hours, Alex could potentially reduce his monthly ERP expenses by up to 50%. Thuia

How to Pay ERP Charges

To drive through operational ERP gantries in Singapore, every registered vehicle must be equipped with an In-Vehicle Unit (IU). If you drive through an ERP gantry without an IU, you will incur penalties.

Understanding the IU and ERP Gantries

The IU is a critical component that communicates with ERP gantries to deduct the necessary charges. It is linked to your vehicle's license plate and must be installed just behind the front windscreen. When your vehicle passes an ERP gantry, the IU sends a signal to the gantry, facilitating the deduction of the ERP charge from your IU account. Vehicles without an IU, or those passing through without sufficient funds, will receive a notice of violation, leading to an ERP charge and an administrative fee.

Where to Get an IU

You can purchase an IU at any Land Transport Authority (LTA)-authorized Inspection Centre for S$155.80. If you encounter any IU-related issues, these centres also provide assistance and inspections.

Available ERP Payment Methods

1. Stored-Value Card Inserted into Your IU

Alternatively, you can use a stored-value card that deducts the charge automatically when you pass through an ERP gantry. Ensure the card has sufficient funds to avoid penalties. Types of prepaid cards include:

  • EZ-Link CEPAS Card
  • NETS CashCard
  • NETS FlashPay Card
  • NETS Motoring Card

Note: Vehicles with the older "first-gen" IU only accept NETS CashCard with a chip, while the current dual-mode IU accepts all the cards mentioned above.

2. Backend Payment Service

You can register for a backend payment service using a credit or debit card, eliminating the need to maintain a balance in your stored-value card. Service providers include:

  • EZ-Link Motoring Service
  • Virtual CashCard

Tips to Avoid ERP Violations

  1. Proper Card Insertion: Remove and reinsert your stored-value card in the IU to ensure it is correctly linked. A beep and the display of the remaining card value on the IU screen will confirm proper connection.
  2. Sufficient Funds: Always check that your stored-value card has enough balance to cover ERP charges for your planned route. Stay updated on the latest ERP rates before you start driving.

Common ERP Violations and Penalties

Motorists will be penalized for the following ERP violations:

  • Expired CashCard
  • Defective IU
  • Insufficient Value in CashCard
  • Improperly Inserted CashCard

If any of these issues occur, your IU will emit a loud beep and display a red light. Subsequently, you will receive a notification letter, requiring payment within two weeks.

By understanding how to properly equip your vehicle and utilize payment methods, you can avoid ERP penalties and ensure smooth driving through Singapore's ERP gantries.

How Drive lah Can Help You Earn Extra Money

At Drive lah, we understand that owning a car in Singapore can be expensive. Between maintenance, fuel, and ERP charges, the costs can add up quickly. However, we offer a solution that not only helps you offset these expenses but also allows you to earn extra income safely and without any worries.

Why Share Your Car with Drive lah?

1. Earn Passive Income:

By renting out your car during times you’re not using it, you can earn a substantial amount of extra money. This can help cover your monthly car expenses, including ERP charges.

2. Secure and Insured:

Drive lah ensures that all rentals are covered by comprehensive insurance. We prioritize the safety and security of your vehicle, giving you peace of mind when sharing your car.

3. Flexible and Convenient:

Our platform allows you to decide when and for how long you want to rent out your car. This flexibility ensures that your car is available when you need it and earning money when you don’t.

4. User-Friendly Platform:

Drive lah’s platform is easy to use, with seamless booking and payment processes. You can manage your rentals effortlessly through our mobile app.

5. Community Trust:

Our community of users is built on trust and reliability. We conduct thorough background checks and ensure that only verified individuals rent your car.

How to share my car with Drive lah?

1. Sign Up:

Register your car on the Drive lah platform. Provide necessary details about your vehicle and upload the required documents.

2. Set Your Availability:

Indicate the times when your car is available for rent. You have full control over your car’s rental schedule.

3. Rent Out Your Car:

Once your listing is live, potential renters can view and book your car. You will receive notifications for rental requests and can approve or decline them as you see fit.

4. Earn and Save:

As your car gets rented, you start earning. Use this extra income to offset your car expenses, including ERP charges.


Q: How are ERP rates determined?

A: ERP rates are based on traffic conditions and are adjusted periodically by the LTA. Factors include time of day, location, and vehicle type.

Q: Can I avoid ERP charges completely?

A: While it may not always be possible to avoid ERP charges entirely, planning your trips during off-peak hours and using alternative routes can significantly reduce your expenses.

Q: Is it safe to rent out my car with Drive lah?

A: Yes, Drive lah ensures all rentals are covered by comprehensive insurance, and we conduct thorough background checks on all renters to ensure the safety and security of your vehicle.

Q: How much can I earn by renting out my car?

A: Earnings vary based on your car’s availability and demand. Many users find they can earn enough to cover a significant portion of their monthly car expenses.


In conclusion, mastering ERP charges not only empowers you to save money but also contributes to a smoother, more sustainable urban commute. Whether it's optimizing your routes or exploring car-sharing opportunities with Drive lah, taking proactive steps can transform your driving experience. So, equip yourself with these insights, navigate the roads with confidence, and embark on a journey towards smarter, more cost-effective travel in the Lion City. Drive smart, drive savvy, and let your adventures in Singapore be as enriching for your wallet as they are for your soul.

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